A moderately hard, strong, closed grain, light to red-brown wood, cherry tends to resist warping and checking. Cherry is often used in fine furniture and cabinetry and looks great on colors ranging from light to dark. Cherry wood is also known to have small mineral deposits or characters marks, these are not considered a defect.
Due to limited availability, Elm is only available on tops of tables and case goods and on seats of chairs or benches. Elm is not available on an entire piece of furniture.
In spite of being hard and tough, elm bends easily when steamed and holds its shape well when dried. Elm has a twisted interlocking grain that makes it difficult to work with. Although it doesn't split, pilot holes must be drilled into it before screws or nails are inserted
This cut differs from traditional cutting of oak as it is made parallel to the wood's age rings instead of across. This cut yields a board with amazing strength, much less likely to crack, check or warp than when it is flat sawn. White oak produces a distinctive "stripping" which gives pieces more antique look.
Hickory is one of the heaviest and hardest woods available. It has a close grain without much figure. Hickory wood is often finished in lighter or natural. The rustic refers to the character marks that are noticeable in this cut of wood which can include worm holes, pits, knots, open grain and multiple marks. Knot holes will be filled on tops and chair seats only.